Fuel Cell Components

Automotive, stationary and industrial applications require highly efficient energy conversion solutions. Fuel cell manufacturers have to ensure excellent quality while addressing high troughput specifications and finally maximizing the uptime of the manufacturing equipment. Process monitoring and quality control is required for manufacturing of:

  • Catalyst coated membrane (CCM)
  • Gas diffusion layer (GDL)
  • Gas diffusion electrode (GDE)
  • Membrane electrode assembly (MEA)
  • Bipolar half plates
  • Bipolar plates (BPP)


  • Sheet resistance
  • Conductivity
  • Thickness
  • Homogeneity
  • Area weight
  • Drying status
  • Areal capacity
  • Catalyst loading
  • Porosity


  • Molding process control
  • Deposition process control
  • Decal transfer control
  • Calandering process control
  • Drying status control
  • Quality control


  • Graphite
  • Carbon
  • Stainless steel
  • Membranes
  • Meshes
  • Fluoropolymers


  • S2S
  • R2R


  • In-situ and ex-situ
  • In-vacuo and ex-vacuo
  • Wet and dry
  • Inline and offline


  • Inks
  • Pastes
  • Graphite
  • Amorphous Carbon
  • Catalysts
    • Platinum
    • Cobalt


  • Alkaline fuel cells (AFC)
  • Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEM)
  • Direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC)
  • Phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC)
  • Molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC)
  • Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)

Use Case Electrodes

Drying Status

Fuel cell electrode drying status

Areal Capacity

Fuel cell electrode areal capacity

Drying status over time as well as areal capacities of electrode ink or pastes deposited on substrates were derived by complex eddy current impedance.

Use Case Carbon Non Woven Gas Diffusion Layer for PEM

Area Weight

Fuel cells gas diffusion layer area weight

Due to the anisotropic behavior of carbon fiber filaments high frequency eddy current technology enables characterization of carbon non woven gas diffusion layer for PEM fuel cells.

Use Case Carbon Based Bipolar Plates

Sheet Resistance

Fuel Cell_Bipolar_plate.jpg
Fuel Cell_Bipolar_plate_right.jpg

Sheet resistance of bipolar half plate bulk material is characterized by high frequency eddy current imaging solutions. The carbon plate bulk material was kindly provided by the Open Source Stack initiative of the Innovation Cluster HZwo e.V.. Flow field water jet cutting process was applied by NOVAJET GmbH.

For characterization of molding, deposition, calandering and drying processes in fuel cell manufacturing SURAGUS refers to the following solutions:


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